Fabric care instruction

Fabrics: Maintenance and Cleaning

The following rule is applicable to all type of upholstery fabrics

Avoid placing your furniture in direct sunlight or near any intense source of artificial lighting. To make cleaning your furniture easier, apply a special impregnation agent to the newly purchased furniture. The protection product forms a film on the surface of the fabric which is resistant to dirt, moisture and grease and does not cause discoloration of the fabric. While using your furniture, make sure you use covers and quilts with caution. Remember that textile fabrics that are prone to dye transfer (in particular, denim) can leave stains on leather or upholstery fabrics which may be impossible to remove. Also, avoid covering your sofa with quilts, in particular with woolen fabrics, as it can cause the pilling of the furniture fabric.

Before you clean your furniture

– Test for color fastness on a hidden area of the furniture fabric.

– Use only water-soluble cleaning products (Ph-neutral, alcohol-free, mild and odorless soaps).

– Never use any petroleum-, acetone- or solvent-based cleaners. Please read the instructions for use carefully.

– To remove tough stains, you can always use water-soluble and foaming agents designed for carpet cleaning.

– Protect the fabric against and mechanical damage and intense mechanical shocks.

– Never sit on the furniture while it is wet as this may stretch the upholstery. Always allow the furniture to dry (for at least two days).

– We recommended that you regularly alternate where you sit and avoid sitting in the same spot every time. If you follow all the recommendations, this will prolong the good appearance, quality and life of your furniture.

Periodic cleaning (approx. every two weeks)

Cleaning is performed using a vacuum cleaner on low suction: use a nozzle for furniture cleaning with soft bristles. Make sure you to suck up dust from all hard-to-reach areas. To clean the dirtiest areas, use foam with a small amount of warm (30oC) water and a mild soap and gently clean in a circular motion. Pre-test the cleaning method on a hidden area of the furniture fabric. If you use soapy water, make sure to rinse the fabric with clean distilled water. Use a cloth or a soft brush to fluff up the piece of furniture once it has dried. You can clean upholstery fabrics by covering them in a moist cloth dampened with a water and vinegar mixture (a tablespoon of vinegar per liter of water) and beating them with a carpet beater. The dust will then settle down on the moist fabric. Once the cloth is dirty, rinse it in clean water and then damp it with the vinegar mixture before repeating the beating. After the cleaning is completed, clean the fabric using a dry brush.

Full cleaning (approx. twice a year)

Twice a year, use a moist cloth (but not soaking) and room temperature distilled water mixed with a small amount of mild soap. Take appropriate steps to create conditions for fast drying. Never use an iron or a hair dryer to dry a piled fabric. Make sure periodic cleaning has been performed before proceeding with the full cleaning.

Stain removal tips

– Remove dirt and stains immediately: do not let them dry.

– Remove all solid particles and stain buildup with a clean, colorless cloth.

– Mix warm (30oC) distilled water with soap to prepare a solution for cleaning. Work from the outside of the stain toward the centre to prevent spreading. Rinse with clean distilled water. For chenille fabrics, use a stain remover designed for upholstery fabrics. Test the stain remover on a hidden area of the furniture fabric.

– Do not rub the stain: rubbing will cause the stain to spread and damage the pile.

– Once the stain is removed, dry excessive moisture with a clean, colorless cloth.

– Let the surface of the furniture dry thoroughly.

– If the fabric is fleecy, use a soft brush designed for such fabrics to restore its surface structure. Perform this procedure only after the furniture fabric has dried thoroughly.

– Use cold water (or ice cold water, if possible) to remove such stains as eggs, blood, and urine. You can also add some soap to the water. Never use hot water because it will cause protein coagulation.

– Use stain removers available on the market to remove such tough stains as grease, butter, food residue, nail polish, marker pens, resins, paint, oil, shoe polish, etc. Pre-test the cleaning method on a hidden area of the furniture fabric.

– To remove such stains as modeling clay, chewing gum, or beeswax, press them with a packet of ice. The ice will harden the deposit and will make it easy to scrape off. There is a risk of surface damage. Do not scrape the deposit off with force!

– Leather and synthetic fabrics must be re-impregnated after the cleaning.

Synthetic leather

It is produced by coating a textile base (woven fabric, knitted fabric, non-woven material) with polymer films. The coating technique can be solid, relief or porous. Leather treated using a porous technique is air permeable (eco leather).

– Clean only with a mixture of water and shampoo. Do not use stain removers that contain alcohol.

– Stiffened or wrinkled eco leather can be restored by rubbing it with a clean cloth soaked with castor oil.

Tapestry and jacquard fabrics

These are multi-layer fabrics with patterns created by weaving multiple colors of threads. They are the most popular fabrics.

– Use a vacuum cleaner or a soft brush for a periodic cleaning.

– Use a mixture of warm water and soap to remove water-soluble stains. If the stain was not removed, it is advisable to use a stain remover for upholstered furniture. Pre-test the stain remover on a hidden area of the furniture fabric.

– Non-water soluble stains should be removed using specialized stain removers.

– If the maintenance instructions allow washing the fabric, it is best to wash upholstery fabrics manually (if they can be removed from the furniture) in 40 °C temperature and dry them without squeezing them out.

– Suitable for dry cleaning.

Flock fabrics

These are non-woven textile fabrics. They are produced by applying finely cut fibre particles to adhesive coated surfaces.

– To remove dust and maintain natural luster of the flock fabric, clean it regularly with a vacuum-cleaner or use dry foam and a sponge.

– Clean the stains using a moist cloth. If the stain still persists after drying, it is advisable to additionally use a white cloth soaked in a mild soap solution.

– After the cleaning is complete, dry the surface thoroughly and restore its original appearance by brushing in the pile direction.

– Do not iron. Suitable for dry cleaning. Washing is not recommended.

– Do not use solvents or alcohol as it will cause fibers to break off.

Chenille fabrics

These fabrics are classified as jacquard fabrics. They are woven using chenille threads. These are complex structures where a fluffy-textured thread is woven with a thinner thread. Chenille will look different in one direction compared to another, as the fibers catch the light differently. This property is known as the reflection effect and is one of the most unique and sought-after properties of chenille products. All chenille fabrics have a crush effect where the direction of the pile can change due to body weight, heat, moisture or other factors. The affected area may resemble a stain due to the way it reflects light. It is a typical marketable appearance and it does not mean deterioration of the fabric quality.

– When removing dirt and dust from the surface of the fabric, avoid using water or liquid water solutions. Dusts from chenille fabrics can be easily removed with a vacuum cleaner or a soft brush.

– Suitable for dry cleaning. Washing is not recommended.

– Clean the stains using a stain remover for upholstered furniture. Follow instructions specified on the label of the stain remover.

– Do not use excessive force when rubbing the fabric as this can damage the fabric.

– Dry the cleaned area of the fabric. Do not use an iron.